The Syrian Civil War is an ongoing multi-sided armed conflict in Syria fought between the Ba’athist Syrian Arab Republic led by President Bashar al-Assad, along with its allies, and various forces opposing both the government and each other in varying combinations with Western support.

In March 2011 Syria’s government, led by Pres. Bashar al-Assad faced an unprecedented challenge to its authority when pro-democracy protests erupted throughout the country. Protesters demanded an end to the authoritarian practices of the Assad regime, in place since Assad’s father, Ḥafiz al-Assad, became president in 1971. The Syrian government used violence to suppress demonstrations, making extensive use of police, military, and paramilitary forces. Opposition militias began to form in 2011, and by 2012 the conflict had expanded into a full-fledged civil war.

I entered Syria in May 2012, which marked my 8th month on trying to find my way in the country, after Syrian Embassy in Belgrade, Serbia had rejected my visa application to enter the country witness, document and report what was going on. I spent in Syria about eight months reporting on various assignments with European, US and Middle Eastern newspapers, weekly magazines, as well as wire service.